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Physiology

Dogs’ physical characteristics change depending on their breed, sexe, training, but some consant information give a sense of unity their species.

PHYSIOLOGICAL CONSTANTS

  • Temperature: 38,5° Celsius (37,7° à 38°C  for a Husky).
  • Heart rate: 70 to 120 heartbeat/minute.
  • Respiratory Frequency: 15 to 30 breath/minute.

REPRODUCTION

  • Average age for male puberty: 7 to 10 months.
  • Average age for female puberty: 6 to 12 month.
  • Œtrous cycle: 180 days.
  • Heats: 9 to 14 days.
  • Pregnancy: 63 days.

URINE

  • PH : 5,5 à 7.
  • Debit : 0,5 to 2 litres/day.
  • Urea : 1,8 %.
  • Denseness: 1,016 to 1,060.

HEART

The younger a dog is, the faster his heart beats:

  • Puppy: about 120 beats/mn.
  • Adult: about 100 beats/mn.
  • Elder : about 80 beats/mn.

The bigger a dog is, the slower is his heartbeat:

  • St-Bernard: 70 beats/mn.
  • Poodle: 90 beats/mn
  • Yorkshire: 120 beats/mn